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KAEPS reminds those at high risk of for Glaucoma that early detection is key to successful treatment

Glaucoma is a major cause of vision loss worldwide. It affects more than 3 million people in the United States—nearly half of whom are unaware they have the disease. During Glaucoma Awareness Month in January, the Kentucky Academy of Eye Physicians and Surgeons (KAEPS) joins the American Academy of Ophthalmology in reminding the public that early detection and treatment can help protect your sight.

Glaucoma damages the optic nerve, which transmits visual information from the retina to the brain. Typically, the disease initially has no signs or symptoms. If left untreated, glaucoma can cause irreversible blindness.

The Academy recommends that everyone have a comprehensive eye exam at age 40. This exam provides ophthalmologists – physicians who specialize in medical and surgical eye care – an opportunity to carefully examine the eye including the optic nerve for signs of damage and other possible problems that may affect vision. Individuals at greater risk for developing glaucoma include people:

• over age 40

• of African, Asian or Hispanic heritage

• who have high eye pressure detected during an eye exam

• who are farsighted or nearsighted

• who have experienced eye trauma or eye injury

• whose corneas are thin in the center

• or who have health problems such as diabetes, migraines, high blood pressure or poor blood circulation

Appropriate treatment for glaucoma depends on the specific type and severity of the disease. Medicated eye drops or laser treatments are the most common initial approach. These techniques work by lowering eye pressure to reduce the amount of fluid in the eye, and by increasing fluid outflow from the eye.

“Glaucoma is typically symptomless to patients; however, permanent, irreversible vision loss can already be taking place,” said Andrew G. Iwach, M.D., a clinical spokesperson for the American Academy of Ophthalmology. “Early detection is paramount to avoiding blindness and managing this disease.”

Dr. Sheila Sanders, Director of the Glaucoma Service at UK Advanced Eye Care adds, “A family history of glaucoma increases risk as well. The good news is that, once detected, there are many treatments available to help stabilize the disease. Eye drops, laser procedures, and new minimally invasive surgical options can provide excellent results. If we catch glaucoma before damage is done, and the patient works together closely with their physician to make certain eye pressures are controlled for the long term, we can win this battle.”

For more information on glaucoma or other eye conditions and diseases, visit the American Academy of Ophthalmology’s EyeSmart website.

From Kentucky Academy of Eye Physicians and Surgeons

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