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Research Paper On Paris Agreement

The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is an international environmental treaty that addresses emissions, reduction and adaptation of greenhouse gases (GH). At the 21st conference in Paris, representatives from 195 countries reached consensus and adopted the Paris Agreement (COP21) on 12 December 2015 (21st Conference of the Parties). COP21 came into force on November 4, 2016. The climate agreement was ratified by 160 countries at the end of August 2017. The Paris Agreement is now legally binding, but it does not contain legally binding provisions that would require countries to take internal action (Clemencon, 2016). Finally, it is important to stress that our approach to research, while ensuring comprehensiveness and transparency, remains a synthesis of existing knowledge. The added value of our results therefore lies in the fact that they provide a truly comprehensive overview of existing peer review research on the Palestinian Authority, which brings together knowledge from a wide range of fields, rather than identifying entirely new mechanisms or assessing the validity of claims made with respect to the existence of specific mechanisms. Finally, we identify 58 documents that recommend leads for future research. We find a wide range of research questions on all aspects of PaPA (see Appendix 5 for a full list of these issues shared by the PA mechanism). The new research paper from the Ecologic Institute provides a comprehensive overview and assessment of the Paris Agreement, including agreed next steps, implementation prospects and important political messages. It is now available for download. Even more striking is the total absence of documents, which explicitly emphasized capacity-building mechanisms. We find some evidence that capacity building plays a barrier and recommendation role, most of which focus on the need for greater transparency and verification (Brechine 2016, Millar et al 2016, Umemiya et al 2017, Winkler et al 2017, Tian and Xiang 2018, Tompkins et al 2018), Financial Accounting (Roberts et al 2017 , Sovacool et al 2017 , Weikmans and Roberts 2019) and technology (Puig et al 2018, Romeijn et al 2018, Harwatt 2019, Hofman and van der Gaast 2019).

However, this will only serve to support the need for further research into how the Paris Capacity Building Committee can overcome these obstacles and integrate existing recommendations. Given the current emissions deficit, further research to build ambition-building capacity appears to be a major gap. First, a number of contributions recommend using a wide range of different indicators allowing science and other stakeholders to discuss their pros and cons and allowing nations to select indicators and methods best suited to their context and capabilities (Magnan and Ribera 2016, Aldy et al 2017 , Jacoby et al 2017 , Huhne et al 2018, Winkler et al 2018). Second, we identify several proposals to link monitoring climate action to monitoring sustainable development (Sar 2018, Chan et al 2019, Waisman et al 2019). The need to track the NDC`s progress beyond the simple bill was another recurring topic (Iyer et al 2017, Nature Climate Change 2017, Jeffery et al 2018). We identify a large number of specific recommendations to structure the MRV process, ranging from the commitment of nations to explain the progress made in implementing the adjustment plans (Morgan et al 2019) to the integration of long-term mitigation strategies as part of PaPa`s transparency (Mayer 2019).

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